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Depression is a mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities. Symptoms can vary in severity, and not everyone with depression experiences the same set of symptoms. Common symptoms of depression include:

  1. Persistent Sadness: Feeling sad, empty, or tearful most of the day, nearly every day.

  2. Loss of Interest or Pleasure: Losing interest in activities that were once enjoyable, including hobbies, socializing, or sex.

  3. Changes in Appetite or Weight: Significant changes in appetite, leading to weight loss or gain. This may be associated with overeating or a loss of interest in food.

  4. Sleep Disturbances: Insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping).

  5. Fatigue: Feeling tired and lacking energy, even after a full night's sleep.

  6. Feelings of Worthlessness or Guilt: Persistent feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt, often over minor matters.

  7. Difficulty Concentrating: Trouble focusing, making decisions, or remembering things.

  8. Agitation or Restlessness: Feeling on edge, restless, or irritable. This can manifest as physical restlessness or as irritability with others.

  9. Slow Physical Movements: Observable changes in physical movements and speech, which may appear slowed down.

  10. Physical Symptoms: Aches and pains, headaches, digestive problems, or other physical symptoms that do not have an apparent medical cause.

  11. Social Withdrawal: Withdrawing from friends, family, and social activities, leading to increased isolation.

  12. Suicidal Thoughts: Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts. If someone is experiencing suicidal thoughts, it's crucial to seek immediate help.

It's important to note that while everyone may feel sad or down from time to time, depression involves persistent and pervasive symptoms that can last for weeks, months, or even longer. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of depression, it's important to seek help from a mental health professional. Depression is a treatable condition, and various therapeutic approaches, medications, or a combination of both may be recommended based on the severity of the symptoms.

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